4.) Liberia – GDP per capita: $716.04
Liberia was one of only a few countries in Africa not colonized by Europeans, instead being founded by freed slaves from America. The slaves who founded the country took their inspiration from the federal model of government used in the United States of America. After a coup in 1980 led to the removal of the president, Liberia was involved in a destabilizing civil war which raged on seeing hundreds of thousands killed before a 2003 peace deal. This led to a democratic election in 2005 and a period of stability. The country is still feeling the hangover of civil war however with approximately 85% of the population living on less than $1 a day.
3.) Burundi – GDP per capita: $648.58
Burundi is another country almost constantly in a state of tribal and civil war. This coupled with; a poor legal system, economy and education system, and no ports, means the country has never been able to create a stable GDP. A staggering 93% of Burundi’s exports revenues come from selling coffee. Meanwhile, 80% of Burundians live in poverty; whilst 57% of children under the age of five suffer from chronic malnutrition. Burundi is a the 10th smallest African country.