3) Nigeria – 4000,000 tonnes per year (8.7%)
Cocoa is the leading non-oil foreign exchange earner for Nigeria. Unfortunately dominance of smallholders and lack of farm labor is impacting the nation’s cocoa productivity. High unemployment and poverty levels have prompted the government to look again at cocoa with the aim of getting more people to grow a product for which prices have been rising. The country aims to boost production to 1 million tonnes a year by 2018 – on a par with current number two global producer Ghana and approaching top grower Ivory Coast.